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Семинар "Политическая экономика": José Tavares и Marlene Thomas (Nova School of Business and Economics) о влиянии мафии на распределение финансирования ЕС.

На семинаре "Политическая экономика" José Tavares и Marlene Thomas (Nova School of Business and Economics) рассказали о том, что наличие мафии увеличивает объем средств ЕС и количество проектов ЕС, закрепленных за муниципалитетами.

Тема: Does organized crime attract EU funding? Evidence from Sicily

Аннотация:

This study analyzes the impact of Mafia on the allocation of EU funding. We focus on EU subsidies directed to the 390 Sicilian municipalities from 2007 to 2019 We proxy current Mafia activity by confiscated real estate assets from organized crime and instrument it with geographical shifters of land value and Mafia measures from the end of the 19th century. We show that the presence of Mafia increments the amount of EU funds and the number of EU projects assigned to municipalities. We repeat the analysis across different types of investments. A series of robustness checks confirms the reliability of our baseline results.